Biochar is a valued soil amendment produced as a byproduct of the mobile fast pyrolysis bioenergy conversion processes. The primary product of mobile fast pyrolysis is bio oil, which can be used as a fuel oil or further refined to produce transportation fuels. Fast-pyrolysis produces bio-oil in the woods and avoids the need to transport biomass long distances. The Bio-char is then available at harvest sites to sequester carbon, enhance forest soil properties and assure sustainability of forest sites. The objectives of this biochar forest soil enhancement program are to evaluate the impacts of biochar on soil carbon storage and quantify the short- and long-term consequences of applying biochar to forest soil physical, chemical and biological properties. Results are necessary to the informed deployment of mobile bioenegy production units where the
biochar byproducts will be left on site to sequester carbon and enhance soil productivity. Cooperating forest land managers are very enthusiastic about the prospects of this approach and are participating in the research as essential collaborators. We are aware of no other research program involved with biochar amendments in forest soil and so this represents a unique research program with justifiable applications.