PAG Report 11 | Published December 1993 | Forest conditions throughout Idaho are deteriorating, especially in the national forests. The Boise and Payette National Forests recently experienced five years of catastrophic mortality; that is, forests identified as suitable for timber production are dying faster than they are growing. Forests in northern Idaho have root disease problems that will affect long-term productivity. Species conversion and fire exclusion have led to problems throughout the state. The report analyzes several alternative management and policy approaches.