Thesis (M.S., Natural Resources) -- University of Idaho, 2015 | We evaluated the effectiveness of management efforts on Craig Mountain Wildlife Management Area in northern Idaho. We used variable circular plot surveys to estimate the extent to which breeding density of 3 target bird species (pileated woodpeckers, yellow warblers, and black-capped chickadees) changed during the past 21 years of management. We used both correlative and quasi-experimental approaches to examine the effects of 3 timber harvest prescriptions (partial removal cuts, regeneration cuts, and fuel reduction cuts) on breeding density of pileated woodpeckers. Results suggest that the management actions and land uses implemented within the management area are compatible with its goals for the 3 target bird species. However, breeding density of pileated woodpeckers was negatively correlated with timber harvest intensity, breeding density of pileated woodpeckers was 81% lower in areas that had received fuel reduction cuts compared to areas with no recent harvest, and breeding density of pileated woodpeckers declined 86% following regeneration cuts.