The role of science in wilderness planning - A state-of-knowledge review
Wilderness planning has evolved since the Wilderness Act of 1964 in an atmosphere of intense debate and public scrutiny. Wilderness planning and the role science has played in developing the planning process has been influenced by many complex legal mandates, by thorny social issues, and by emerging planning paradigms. Wilderness planning has at times been inspired by scientific contributions to various elements of the emerging processes. However, seldom has it benefited from a sustained focus of scientific inquiry which would lead to progress through testing or improving the planning process or individual planning elements. Twelve ways that science could play an appropriate role in wilderness planning are described and strategies are suggested to help Focus future scientific efforts.