Building Better Bio-Beads: Engineering Modulation of pH and Metabolite Diffusive Flux in Hydrogels Grant uri icon



  • The theory of plate tectonics states that the surface of the Earth is made up of numerous moving plates. The interior regions of these plates are believed to be rigid and strong, while boundaries in the ocean where the plates spread apart, mid-ocean ridges, are thin, hot, and weak. In contrast to the standard expectations of plate tectonic theory, observations find that sections of mid-ocean ridges often shift, or jump, from weak boundaries to strong plate interiors.

date/time interval

  • September 1, 2018 - August 31, 2021

total award amount

  • 331,379